Logistics was often connected only with its two functions of transport and warehousing. Logistics is the process of strategically managing the movement and storage of materials, parts and finished inventory from suppliers and on to customers. Thus logistics is not just another name for transport, in fact, it is estimated that transport presents approximately 40% of all logistics costs. Transport is a part of integrated logistics management and is of greater importance as such. It is not only limited to the flow of goods across space and is not only a connective function in the fields of delivery of raw materials for manufacturing needs and for distributing final products. It comes under the adding of value, which is included in strategic management and decisions through transport logistics. A well-developed transport system ensures better efficiency, a reduction of operating costs, and higher service quality of logistics systems. Therefore, the transport function has undergone structural changes, which are reflected in the development of transport logistics.
Transport itself is regarded as one of the major components of distribution and logistics. Taking into account all of the major components of a logistics system, such as warehousing, inventory, packaging, and information flows in addition to transport, planning them in a systematic way, and at the same time respecting constraints of appropriate costs and service levels, is the core task of modern logistics. Many people have been using the term “transport logistics” but they do not define it or identify its activities. The definitions of transport logistics are not always accurate, but there is one useful idea where it defines transport logistics as the “relationship between transport and integrated approaches to logistics and supply chain management”. In other words, the main focus is on the movement of goods in a supply chain, which is more than mere transport of goods, since it covers full business and operational frames within which the movement or movement of the cargo is planned, managed and ultimately carried out. Transport logistics can also be considered as a broader term than transport alone, but a sub-activity of logistics and supply chain management.
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