Intelligent Transport System

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) is one that has the potential to help manage traffic flows, reduce congestion and tailpipe emissions, and improve road transport safety. ITS is based on information and communication technologies applied to road transport infrastructure through dynamic message signage and intelligent vehicles. For example; ITS may feature highway and motorway signage, which can have congestion and accident monitoring, reporting equipment and messaging updated remotely or automatically, as well as electronically managed road toll stations. However, ITS currently poses significant costs to implement; a 2004 study by the Department of Transport estimated set-up costs of at least $16 billion with further operating costs of $3-8 billion for a 6.4 million km road network. The Department of Transportation (USDOT) has also investigated the use of ITS to reduce congestions and wasted fuel. They estimated that up to 2.8 billion gallons of fuel are wasted annually due to motorists stuck in traffic queues and that this figure can be drastically reduced along with associated GHG emissions. The consumption of energy and emissions from road infrastructure operation is dominated by electricity consumption for street and traffic lights (up to 95% in Sweden for illuminated roads). This proportion is likely to be lower in countries with greater daylight hours and will also depend on the proportion of road illumination on different parts of the road network (e.g. close to 100% for urban roads and lower values for highways/motorways). The relative importance of lighting in the overall infrastructure impact in terms of GHG emissions is also highly dependent on the local electricity generation mix. The impact of energy consumption on GHG emissions attributable to maintaining and operating road transport infrastructure has prompted the publication of guidance in the United Kingdom to aid decision making on street lighting and road maintenance. This guidance encourages decision-makers to implement technological advances that require lower power inputs or provide brighter lighting with reduced energy consumption and introduce consideration of carbon emissions in any decision making the process. Various studies have been carried out to investigate lighting schemes along different routes and the patterns of use. The study finds that significant capital and emissions savings can be achieved by adjusting the hours in which lighting is used.


Role of Logistics

Logistics is an important element of competitiveness. Its commercial deals with other countries are increasingly dependent on its logistical organization. Indeed, any policy of export promotion cannot give the expected results if the logistics costs remain very high. These costs do not affect only the competitiveness of the local exporters, but they are also on the base of the relocation decisions of the MNCs trying to move outside of their original countries. Thus, the logistics influences all the economy and seems to be a powerful determinant of the FDI in the host countries. A well-organized logistic function must be necessarily supported by the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) becoming indispensable for its functioning. They represent a crucial tool for command and control which helps companies to reduce the costs and increase the productivity and especially to have the best information at the right time for the good actor. This opinion demonstrates that the accelerated development of cooperative relations between a supplier and his customer, taking into consideration the information management in real-time, requires strong expertise in the field of the ICTs. But, he underlines at the same time the risk represented by the speed of the innovations and the size of the budgets provided for investment in the domain. Following these technological evolutions is an obligation, not a choice that obliges the receiving countries to provide constant investments in the area. ICTs can be considered as the first support of the functioning of the logistics. They provide an innovative solution for better management of the supply chain and bring many advantages in terms of safety, service quality and control. Also, they facilitate the exchange of information and data between different actors and accelerate the achievement of operational tasks. In this case, ICTs will develop the joint work of various logistics troupes. Indeed, they facilitate the partnership relations through better coordination of actors and stronger engagement of different parties in the relationship. ICTs also improve collaboration through the implementation of joint activities, regardless of hierarchical organizations and affiliations with such services or such divisions. Strong expertise in the field of ICTs is reflected in a stronger relationship between the supplier and its customer. Supervision and improvement of the quality of the chain connecting the producer to the consumer help companies to achieve “zero defects” for products and services. Indeed, starting from a simple relationship between a seller and a buyer, it becomes possible to share complete systems of exchanges at the level of all the logistics functions, from the engineering to the distribution through inventory management. The strong integration of ICTs in the trade of goods and services between the various links in the supply chain increases the role of the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) which increases rapidly.


Globalization of logistics

The global logistics environment brings out the increasing complexity and several important parameters shaping the global environment. The change in these parameters is breathtaking and is driving increasing complexity in the logistics ecosystem. We have labelled these changes as “trends”, in that they continue to re-shape the logistics landscape, and provide a shifting set of environmental risks and limitations that either constrain decisions or present opportunities which nimble enterprises can exploit quickly. We begin by describing the major trends that are impacting organizations and follow up with some of the key strategies that successful organizations are applying to cope with or even exploit these trends. Key Trends Impacting Global Landscape Overall top logistics and supply chain trends. We have grouped the top six trends into two sets of related forces, network and external forces. The External forces bring out the changes that are not occurring within the network but are driven by other non-network elements over which organizations have little to no control.

  1. Globalization of logistics networks is increasing. During the process of expanding their global footprint, global networks are fraught with challenges due to government regulatory forces, channel fragmentation, and poor logistics infrastructure. Increasing the risk of supply chain disruption from any number of possible nodes along the supply chain further complicates the logistics environment.
  2. One of the most critical concerns on the horizon for global organizations is the impending talent shortage in global supply chains. This will occur not just in manual processes (truck drivers, warehouse workers, material handling, expediting), but also in managerial capability (buyers, planners, analysts, schedulers, warehouse supervisors, and distribution managers). Supply chains cannot operate without people, yet organizations are recognizing that they face critical shortfalls in the number of unfilled job requirements and the shortage is growing with every day.
  3. The volatility of the ecosystem is now important. Volatility is the major shift in the customers demand volume, product or service mix, government regulations, new competitors, substitute products, short product life cycles, and requirements for rapid network nodal changes and redesign. The transformation of enterprises is now in trend as organizations are continuously adapting and re-inventing their operating model in the face of continuous global change. The speed and scale of this change are unparalleled in the last decades.


KOLLAM CILT FINAL EXAM RESULT 2019- DLM/1ST SEM MARKSHEET

No Enroll No Management in Logistics  Fundamentals of Logistics Supply Chain Management Warehousing & Inventory  Sourcing & Procurement Multimodal Transport
1 RIL/18-19/2019002 64 67 65 68 68 64
2 RIL/18-19/2019001 69 57 74 69 73 65
3 RIL/18-19/2019005 65 66 61 69 68 67
4 RIL/18-19/2019004 716471676469
5RIL/18-19/20190036667 74777467
6 RIL/18-19/20180886061
7 RIL/18-19/20180876966
8 RIL/18-19/201808625586465 7069
9RIL/18-19/2018085 705975
10RIL/18-19/2018084 616864506451
11RIL/18-19/20180835964
12RIL/18-19/2018082
13RIL/18-19/2018081 5869


KOCHI CILT FINAL EXAM RESULT 2019- 1ST SEM/RESIT MARKSHEET

CILT FINAL EXAM RESULT 2019- 1ST SEM/RESIT MARKSHEET
No Enroll No Management in Logistics Fundamentals of Logistics Supply Chain Management Warehousing & Inventory Sourcing & Procurement Multimodal Transport
1 RIL/18-19/201877 66
2 RIL/18-19/201876 60
3 RIL/18-19/201872 70
4 RIL/18-19/201870 6969
5 RIL/18-19/20186851 66
6 RIL/18-19/201864 53
7 RIL/18-19/201863 50
8 RIL/18-19/201861 50
9 RIL/18-19/20185850 50


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